The International Air Transport Association (IATA), the global civil aviation industry association, has announced that the recovery in air travel continued in December 2022 and for the full year.
Presenting a full round up of the year 2022, IATA says in a press statement that the total traffic in 2022, measured in revenue passenger kilometers or RPKs, rose 64.4 pc compared to 2021. Globally, full year 2022 traffic was at 68.5 pc of pre-pandemic or 2019 levels. December 2022 total traffic rose 39.7 pc compared to December 2021 and reached 76.9 pc of the December 2019 level.
IATA adds that international traffic in the year climbed 152.7 pc versus 2021 and reached 62.2 pc of 2019 levels. It adds that the recovery picked up pace in the last quarter as December 2022 international traffic climbed 80.2 pc over December 2021, reaching 75.1 pc of the level in December 2019.
The recovery in the domestic air traffic in 2022 was slower and rose 10.9 pc compared to the prior year. It says that domestic traffic in 2022 was at 79.6 pc of the full year 2019 level. December 2022 domestic traffic was up 2.6 pc over the year earlier period and was at 79.9 pc of December 2019 traffic.
“The industry left 2022 in far stronger shape than it entered, as most governments lifted Covid-19 travel restrictions during the year and people took advantage of the restoration of their freedom to travel. This momentum is expected to continue in the New Year, despite some governments’ over-reactions to China’s re-opening,” says Willie Walsh, IATA’s Director General.
In terms of regional recoveries, IATA says that Asia Pacific airlines posted a 363.3 pc rise in full year international 2022 traffic compared to 2021, maintaining the strongest year-over-year rate among the regions. Capacity rose 129.9 pc and the load factor climbed 37.3 pc to 74.0 pc. December 2022 traffic in Asia Pacific rose 302.7 pc compared to December 2021, it says.
The full year traffic for European carriers climbed 132.2 pc versus 2021. Capacity increased 84.0 pc, and load factor rose 16.7 pc to 80.6 pc. For December, demand climbed 46.5 pc compared to the same month in 2021, IATA adds. The Middle Eastern airlines saw a 157.4 pc traffic rise in 2022 compared to 2021. Capacity increased 73.8 pc and load factor climbed 24.6 pc to 75.8 pc and December demand climbed 69.8 pc compared to the same month in 2021.
IATA says that the North American carriers reported a 130.2 pc annual traffic rise in 2022 compared to 2021. Capacity increased 71.3 pc, and load factor climbed 20.7 percentage points to 80.8 pc. December 2022 traffic rose 61.3 pc compared to the year-ago period. The Latin American airlines posted a 119.2 pc traffic rise in 2022 over full year 2021. Annual capacity climbed 93.3 pc and load factor increased 9.7 percentage points to 82.2 pc, the highest among the regions. December demand climbed 37.0 pc compared to December 2021.
African Airlines saw their annual traffic rise 89.2 pc in 2022 versus the prior year. Full year 2022 capacity was up 51.0 pc and load factor climbed 14.5 pc to 71.7 pc, the lowest among regions. December 2022 traffic for African airlines rose 118.8 pc over the year-earlier period, it says.
“Let us hope that 2022 becomes known as the year in which governments locked away forever the regulatory shackles that kept their citizens earthbound for so long. It is vital that governments learn the lesson that travel restrictions and border closures have little positive impact in terms of slowing the spread of infectious diseases in our globally inter-connected world. However, they have an enormous negative impact on people’s lives and livelihoods, as well as on the global economy that depends on the unfettered movement of people and goods,” says Walsh.